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Maryland Detail Page


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Detailed Customer Switching Data
Contains data from state PUC's. Updated monthly, the data details customer switching activities by state.
Alternative Suppliers
A complete listing of approved alternative suppliers in states that have undergone deregulation.
Regulated Suppliers
Contains a listing of the electric companies under state PUC jurisdiction.
Regulatory Summary
A quick summary of the regulatory activity in each state.

Regulatory Summary

12/08: The Maryland Public Service Commission issued a report that said the State should not try to buy back power plants that were sold when the State deregulated its electricity markets. Instead it should consider new laws to protect consumers. The report was ordered by the Maryland State General Assembly in 2007 and recommended that the General Assembly consider placing future power supplies under some form of regulation to stabilize prices and to guarantee that the State's electricity needs are met. The report also suggests that the Public Service Commission and State legislature work together to partially re-regulate electricity rates by shifting the jurisdiction of future power plants to the State. Maryland's still-regulated utilities could be required to build new plants or enter contracts for regulated electricity. The commission said it plans to study those options next year. Source: The Washington Post Company http://www.washingtonpost.com

11/06: “On November 8, 2006, the Public Service Commission (“Commission”) issued Order No. 81102, establishing, inter alia, a procurement program for Standard Offer Service (“SOS”) for Residential and Type I commercial customers. The program applied to the investor-owned electric public service companies for the provision of SOS which was scheduled to begin on June 1, 2007. In Order No. 81102, the Commission also stated that bid week schedules for SOS procurement would include a public hearing for the purpose of receiving a briefing from the Commission’s SOS consultant and the Commission’s Technical Staff (“Staff”) concerning the conduct and results of the SOS solicitation.”

10/06: Constellation Energy and FPL Group terminated plans to merge.

09/06: Maryland Court of Appeals overturned legislature’s efforts to depose the Public Service Commission (PSC). However, the court stated that the legislature was in it rights to remake the PSC and did have authority over appointing members.

07/06: The Maryland General Assembly planned to limit the 72-percent rise in BGE electricity prices by placing a cap on price increases of 15-percent and to defer the BGE from collecting the difference for 11 months.

07/06: The rate freeze in the BGE service territory expired. The market price obtained through the Standard Offer Service competitive auction process in the BGE service territory was expected to increase 72 percent.

07/06: The Maryland General Assembly planned to limit the 72-percent rise in BGE electricity prices by placing a cap on price increases of 15 and to defer the BGE from collecting the difference for 11 months. PEPCO and Delmarva customers were offered a similar arrangement with the opportunity to pay back deferred expenses over 18 months.

06/06 Senate Bill-1 and House Bill-1 vetoes were overwritten.

06/06: Senate Bill-1 was vetoed by Governor Ehrlich.

06/06: Senate Bill 1 (SB1) and House Bill 1 (HB 1) were introduced in the Maryland General Assembly. SB1 and HB 1 were intended to implement the following goals: “Limiting the increase in electricity rates in a specified service territory for a specified period; requiring specified electric companies to obtain electricity supply for extended standard offer service to specified customers in specified manners; authorizing the Public Service Commission (PSC) to take specified actions concerning competitive auctions and implementation of electricity rates; altering the criteria for appointment to the PSC and the method of appointment of the People's Counsel; etc.” SB 1 also proposed eliminating the People’s Council.

06/06: Maryland Public Service Commission instructed BG&E to implement Order No. 80764.

06/06: Maryland state government held a special session to deal with electricity price crisis. Governor Ehrlich suggested following a rate stabilization plan with utilities allowing “customers to limit the rate increase exposure to 15% this year, 25% next year, and then market level in January 2008. Opting in to this plan would allow customers to repay the deferred charges interest-free.”

05/06: Baltimore city Circuit Court issued an order “vacating, reversing, and remanding Order No. 80764.

05/06: Maryland Office of the People’s Council restated its opinion released in March 2006:

“The current process for procuring power, as approved by the previous Public Service Commission and agreed to by the utilities and the former People’s Counsel, requires the utilities to buy power using a particular mix of one, two, and three year contracts. This method is not optimal for customer pricing…In our complaint, we argue that the current method of procuring electricity must be changed to encourage:

1. competitive energy procurement solicitations for contracts covering varying lengths of time; 2. the purchase of existing plants or construction of new generating facilities by our local utilities; 3. long-term contracts for various electricity products, including output from a particular generating plant or generating facilities; 4. new utility risk mitigation strategies, including hedging in the electricity and natural gas markets; 5. diversity of suppliers; 6. diversity in the types of power-generating plants supplying our energy needs; 7. conservation and load management approaches; and 8. creation of a state power authority that could purchase an ownership interest in generating plants with ratepayer or taxpayer funds.”

05/06: Maryland Office of the People’s Council recommended eliminating the interest payment.

04/06: Constellation Energy announced that: “its subsidiary, Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, has filed a comprehensive rate stabilization plan with the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) that would allow BGE's residential electric customers to reduce and defer the pending July 1 rate increase…The rate stabilization plan is optional; it provides the time for customers to plan for the inevitable impact of a global energy crisis." If approved by the PSC, the plan would allow BGE customers to select or "opt-in" to a rate stabilization program that would reduce the initial increase and spread out the remainder. Those who opt-in would see a rate increase of 19.4 percent July 1.”

04/06: The Public Service Commission of Maryland released a Rate Stabilization Plan to help Pepco and Delmarva Power and Light Company customers more gradually adjust to upcoming electric bill increases. The standard offer service prices resulting from this year’s procurement process would go into effect on June 1, 2006 for Pepco and Delmarva residential customers. Based on the competitive bidding process, for Pepco residential customers, a typical bill would increase by approximately 39%, or $468 annually at that time. For residential customers of Delmarva, a typical electric bill on an annual basis would increase approximately 35% or $464 annually.

04/06: Public Service Commission issued Order No. 80764 which modified Order 80638 “to make it an opt-in plan, to treat interest as a deferred asset, and to extend the plan to three and four years.”

03/06: On March 6, 2006, the Commission issued Order No. 80638 (the “March 6 Order”), “which adopted a payment plan option for Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (“BGE”) residential customers. The plan adopted by the March 6 Order is an opt-out plan, includes interest charges at five percent, and is two or three years in duration.”

03/06: Senate Bill 1102 (SB 1102) was put forward and is a parallel piece of legislation to House Bill 1713 in the Maryland Senate. SB 1102 was vetoed by Governor Ehrlich.

03/06: House Bill 1713 (HB 1713) Emergency Bill intended to change PSC review requirements related to electricity or gas acquisitions and mergers involving either a public service company or a nonpublic service company. Essentially, requires PSC approval of proposed merger between Constellation Energy Group and Florida-based FPL Group. HB 1713 was vetoed by the governor.

03/06: Senate Bill 1102 (SB 1102), prohibited “a specified merger between FPL Group, Inc., and Constellation Energy Group, Inc., from occurring and prohibited Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) from increasing specified electricity rates until Constellation Energy returned a specified amount of money in transition costs to BGE; requiring BGE to use specified transition costs to reduce a specified increase in specified electricity rates; etc.” SB 1102 effectively removed the current members of the Maryland Public Service Commission. SB 1102 was vetoed by the governor.

03/06: Senate Bill 1050 (SB 1050) intended to “repeal the authority for an electric company to earn a specified return in providing standard offer service to residential and small commercial customers after the Public Service Commission has made a specified finding that requires the extension of the electric company's obligation to provide standard offer service.” Standard Offer Service was viewed as a temporary measure which would be used by fewer customers over time. SOS was meant to be automatically provided to any user who did not designate an electricity supplier or a consumer who opted to choose SOS. SOS was supposed to last only until July 1, 2003. During an intended four-year transitional phase, utilities were supposed to provide SOS under frozen rates after an initial price reduction of 3 to 7.5 percent. The rate freeze was intended to come to an end on June 30, 2003; however, the rate freeze was extended until June 30, 2004, and then until July 2006 and July 2008 under certain circumstances.

03/06: Senate Bill 1099 (SB 1099) intended to prohibit the “specified merger between FPL Group, Inc., and Constellation Energy Group, Inc., from occurring and prohibiting Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) from increasing specified electricity rates until Constellation Energy returns a specified amount of money in transition costs to BGE; requiring BGE to use specified transition costs to reduce a specified increase in specified electricity rates.” Measure was vetoed by Governor.

03/06: Maryland Office of the People’s Council “petitioned the Maryland Public Service Commission…to undertake an examination of the current procurement practices of the electricity industry in Maryland, which were the result of deregulation and restructuring of the electric industry by the General Assembly in 1999. OPC requested the Commission to explore what the optimal structure of the procurement process should be within the structure of retail competition in the market for suppliers of electricity and safeguarding the consumers from radical and volatile prices swings in the wholesale market.”

03/06: Senate Bill 1099 (SB 1099) was passed and required Constellation Energy to refund approximately $528 million dollars in stranded recovery costs as a condition of its proposed merger with FPL group. Governor Ehrlich vetoed this senate bill.

03/06: Governor Robert L. Ehrlich Jr. offered $25 million to help defray the costs of higher electricity to Maryland’s poor.

03/06: Senate Bill 1048 (SB 1048) was put forward and required that: “the Public Service Commission, when a specified rate cap or price freeze expires, to determine a specified impact on residential customer bills; requiring the Commission, if the expiration of a specified rate cap or price freeze occurred before a specified date, to determine a specified impact on residential customer bills; requiring the Commission to develop a specified price mitigation plan under specified circumstances; requiring a price mitigation plan to phase in a specified rate under specified circumstances; etc.”

03/06: Senate Bill 972 (SB 972) and House Bill 1736 (HB 1736) were intended to reregulate electricity companies. The synopsis of HB 1736 and SB 972 read: “Returning electric generation to the status of a utility service subject to regulation by the Public Service Commission; requiring a public service company to charge just and reasonable rates for its utility services; requiring a public service company to file a specified tariff schedule of specified rates and charges with the Commission; providing that a specified electric company or electricity supplier may apply to the Commission to adjust specified rates and charges; etc.” Source: Maryland General Assembly

02/06: House Bill 1334 (HB 1334) was enacted with the purpose of prohibiting standard offer service rates from increasing more than five percent for residential customers.

02/06: House Bill 1334 (HB 1334) was enacted and prohibits an electric company in any year in which the electric company has an obligation to provide standard offer service under a Public Service Commission order from increasing the rate for electricity charged to residential customers by more than 5%; allowing an electric company to recover the portion of the total rate that exceeds 5% through a standard offer service transition charge over a 5-year period; etc.

02/06: Senate Bill 814 (SB 814) was enacted and “prohibits an electric company in any year in which the electric company has an obligation to provide standard offer service under a Public Service Commission order from increasing the rate for electricity charged to residential customers by more than 5%; allowing an electric company to recover the portion of the total rate that exceeds 5% through a standard offer service transition charge over a 5-year period; etc.? Prohibiting an electric company in any year in which the electric company has an obligation to provide standard offer service under a Public Service Commission order from increasing the rate for electricity charged to residential customers by more than 5%; allowing an electric company to recover the portion of the total rate that exceeds 5% through a standard offer service transition charge over a 5-year period; etc.”

12/05: Constellation and FPL Group announced plans to merge.

9/05: Type 3 SOS (Large Sized Commercial and Industrial Customers) Fixed Price service ended in May 2005. The only utility service option for these customers is Hourly Priced Non-Residential Service. The cost for Type 2 SOS (Medium Sized Commercial and Industrial Customers) increased between 7% and 10% depending on the supplier.

More than 80% of the Large Sized Commercial and Industrial Customers (along with 90% of the load) have moved to alternative suppliers.

2/05: In June 2004 all Standard Offer Service price caps for non-residential customers were lifted. SOS caps were lifted for residential customers in July 2004. All SOS is now offered at market rates.

4/04: On April 2, 2004 the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) announced the results of a successful bidding process which secured electric suppliers to provide market priced electric Standard Offer Service for Maryland customers of investor owned electric companies whose fixed price electric service offerings are expiring. The process was established with the PSC's Order No.'s 78400 and 78710 (in Case No. 8908) which set the rules for Standard Offer Service procurement, pricing methodology, and technical details of the bidding process. The bidding rounds began in February and concluded in March. Supply services under these contracts will begin as early as June 1, 2004.

2/04: In April 2003, the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) issued Order No. 78400 approving a settlement that establishes the procurement and pricing methodology for Standard Offer Service, the rate offered by utilities to customers that do no purchase their electric supply from a competitive supplier. It will be used to implement utility-provided Standard Offer Service at market prices to Maryland’s retail electric customers after their utility-specific restructuring settlements expire beginning as early as 2004. The next phase of the process will establish the technical details supporting the policy framework.

1/00: The PSC approved PEPCO's restructuring plan. PEPCO customers will begin retail direct access by July 2000. PEPCO also received approval to sell its generation assets.

1/00: The PSC approved Allegheny Energy's restructuring settlement. The settlement will allow almost all of Allegheny's Maryland customers direct access to their electricity supplier of choice by July 1, 2000, two years earlier than required by the State law.

8/99: Public hearings on BG&E's proposed restructuring settlement began in August. The Mid-Atlantic Power Supply Association (a coalition of energy supply companies) opposes the settlement on the grounds that the price to compare at BG&E, set at 4.3 cents per kilowatthour, are too low to allow competition. Also suggested was that the stranded cost recovery for BG&E be lowered. The three-day hearings were concluded Aug. 13; closings arguments are due 8/30; and rebuttals due by 9/30. The PSC will issue a decision in October.

7/99: Baltimore Gas & Electric filed a proposed restructuring plan with the PSC. The plan includes a 6.5 rate decrease over six years for residential customers, $528 million for stranded costs, a six year rate freeze and phase out of transition costs, and customer choice for all residential and business customers by 7/1/00. Public hearings are set for July and August for comments to the plan. A decision on the plan is due in October.

10/98: Five utilities in Maryland announced that they asked a state court to stop the PSC deregulation effort until several issues are resolved, including the issue of stranded costs recovery.

4/98: A PSC order established roundtable discussions on restructuring issues: universal service, supplier authorization, demand-side management programs, customer protection, competitive billing, and consumer education. The discussion groups were to submit reports in 5/99 and 7/99.

12/97: The PSC issued an order establishing a framework for the restructuring of the electric power industry. The plan's schedule: a third of the State's consumers will have retail access by 7/00; another third by 7/01; and the entire state by 7/02. Round table discussions to address implementation of specific issues will commence in April 1998. For the order to be effective, legislation must be passed.

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