By BBC Monitoring
The United Arab Emirates and Germany have signed energy and industry deals during a visit by the latter's chancellor to Abu Dhabi as part of a Gulf tour during which he seeks to find alternative energy supplies for his country after Russia has cut the amount of gas it sends to Europe.
UAE President Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz witnessed the signing of a new Energy Security and Industry Accelerator (ESIA) agreement that will accelerate projects of joint interest between both countries in energy security, decarbonisation and climate action, the Emirates News Agency (WAM) reported on 25 September.
As part of the agreement, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) entered into a liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply agreement with German multinational energy company RWE AG (RWE), with ADNOC providing an LNG cargo for delivery in late 2022, to be used in the commissioning of Germany's floating LNG import terminal at the northern German town of Brunsbuttel, WAM added.
It said that ADNOC reserved a number of further LNG cargos exclusively for German customers in 2023.
ADNOC also entered into a number of agreements with German customers, including Steag GmbH (Steag) and Aurubis AG (Aurubis) for demonstration cargos of low-carbon ammonia, a carrier fuel for hydrogen that can play a critical role in decarbonising hard-to-abate industry sectors, the news agency said.
The first of these cargoes arrived in Hamburg earlier this month.
Steag is a German company mainly specialised in planning, construction and operation of fossil fuel power plants, including hard coal and natural gas.
Masdar, the UAE's renewable energy champion, will be actively exploring opportunities in the offshore wind markets in the North Sea and Baltic Sea in Germany that could generate up to 10GW of renewable energy production capacity by 2030 subject to the necessary German policy and regulatory requirements being met between the two nations, WAM said.
It added that ADNOC had completed the UAE's first ever direct diesel delivery to Germany in September 2022, and agreed the terms with the German logistics Wilhelm Hoyer GmbH & Co. KG (Hoyer) company to supply up to 250,000 tonnes of diesel per month in 2023.
The German chancellor welcomed the signing of the deals and said that "through ESIA, we enable the swift implementation of strategic lighthouse projects on the focus areas of renewable energies, hydrogen, LNG and climate action," WAM said.
For his part, the UAE Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology Sultan al-Jaber said: "This landmark new agreement reinforces the rapidly growing energy partnership between the UAE and Germany."
The German chancellor's tour also includes Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
Germany and other European countries have historically been very reliant on Russian gas to meet their energy needs.
The war in Ukraine has made them look for alternative providers of energy, especially after Russia has cut the amount of gas it sends to Europe by shutting the key Nord Stream 1 pipeline in recent months.
Source: WAM news agency website, Abu Dhabi, in English 1121 gmt 25 Sep 22