Germany is preparing its third Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal, built in record time to reduce its dependence on pipeline gas from Russia.
The Hoegh Gannet floating terminal arrived at the Elbehafen port in Brunsbüttel, near the city of Hamburg, to begin its test phase where, among other things, the terminal's connection to Germany's gas networks will be tested.
The first LNG carrier from Abu Dhabi is expected to arrive at the end of this month, so that gas can be injected into the national grid early next month.
Like the first two LNG terminals, the Brunsbüttel project was completed in record time, with energy company RWE working on the project under orders from the German government since May last year.
Looking ahead, in addition to the LNG terminal, there are plans to install at Brunsbüttel a terminal for imports of green ammonia, a hydrogen derivative.
Germany, whose gas supply was 40% dependent on imports from Russia through the Nord Stream pipeline, has suffered a reduction and subsequent cut in supply since the beginning of the war between Russia and Ukraine.
LNG terminal in Germany. Photo: REUTERS.
The LNG terminals were presented as a quick solution to secure supply: in addition to Brunsbüttel, one has already been inaugurated in Wilhelmshaven on the North Sea in December, and another in Lubmin on the Baltic Sea last week.
It is estimated that the new terminals, which will receive gas from countries such as Qatar, Norway or the United States, will be able to cover about a third of Germany's gas demand for the coming northern winter, according to official estimates.
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