Royal Decree-Law 12/2021 paralyzed the processing, in June last year, of electricity generation facilities in the territorial sea until the approval of a new regulatory framework, since, according to the Ministry for Ecological Transition, the previous framework, implemented by Royal Decree 1028/2007, has been "outdated in relation to the current situation of technology and the evolution of energy regulation". Thus, at present, only facilities for testing, demonstration or validation of prototypes and new technologies associated with offshore wind can be processed. Within this framework, the Roadmap for the Development of Offshore Wind and Marine Energy in Spain, approved last December, sets the goal of achieving offshore wind power of between one and three gigawatts (1 to 3 GW) by 2030 and identifies the lines of action to achieve it. These include adapting the regulatory framework and boosting investment.
On the other hand, the Government is completing the processing of the Marine Spatial Management Plans (POEM), a zoning instrument -the Ministry reports- in which, once the possible interactions with other uses of the sea have been analyzed, "the most suitable areas for the development of offshore wind energy, in terms of technical and environmental viability" will be reflected.
The new regulatory framework, as explained by the Ministry, will be based on the following elements already included in the Roadmap
- The spatial definition included in the POEMs - and also, if appropriate, in the port service areas - that minimizes environmental impact and maximizes compatibility with other uses and activities.
- Electrical planning and regulations.
- Coordination of the authorization procedure with the granting of rights over the use of marine space, the prioritization of access and connection to the electricity system and the
framework for promoting investment through competitive instruments.
According to Ecological Transition, the objective of the new framework is "to coordinate the authorization procedure of the facilities with the granting of rights over the use of the marine space, the access and connection to the electricity grid, and the boost to investment through competitive concurrence procedures".
In order to facilitate the development of this framework, in the public consultation the Ministry raises questions such as what information is considered necessary to develop a project, what design criteria should be required, what parameters should be used to assess the bids, or who should be the owner of the evacuation facilities.
The answers, according to the Ministry, can be sent before June 22nd to the e-mail address [email protected], indicating in the subject: "CPP regulatory framework for offshore wind and marine energy".
- The future of wind energy goes off shore (April 2022)
- Offshore Wind Forum, the new bet for offshore wind in Spain (March 2022)
- SEO/BirdLife calls for a moratorium on offshore wind until the Maritime Space Management Plans are approved (March 2022)
- CCOO calls for a boost to offshore wind (March 2022)
- Offshore wind farms are incompatible with fishing in the continental shelf of the Cantabrian Sea.
- AEE's approval of the Offshore Wind Roadmap (December 2021)