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    Austria : Grossi Expresses Concern to IAEA Board about Safeguards in Iran; Nuclear Safety, Security and Safeguards at Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine


    June 13, 2022 - TendersInfo - News

     

      The IAEA cannot confirm the correctness and completeness of Irans declarations under its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, Director General Rafael M. Grossi told the IAEAs Board of Governors today.

      In addressing the opening session of the Boards regular quarterly meeting, Mr Grossi said that the IAEA has completed the steps set out in the Joint Statement between Iran and the IAEA on 5 March, but Iran has not provided explanations that are technically credible in relation to the Agencys findings at three undeclared locations in Iran. Iran has also not informed the IAEA of the current location, or locations, of the nuclear material and/or of the equipment contaminated with nuclear material, that was moved from Turquzabad in 2018, Mr Grossi said.

      The Agency remains ready to re-engage without delay with Iran to resolve these matters, he said.

      Nuclear safety, security and safeguards in Ukraine

      Mr Grossi emphatically reiterated his determination to lead an expert mission to the plant, saying: We must find a solution to the hurdles preventing progress at Zaporizhzhya NPP. I will not stop pursuing this and I count on your active support.

      He noted that Ukraines government had last week called on him to lead such a mission, and that the Ukrainian regulator had earlier informed the IAEA that it had lost control over the facilitys nuclear material.

      One clear line of Ukrainian operational control and responsibility is vital, not only for the safety and security of Zaporizhzhya NPP, but also so that IAEA safeguards inspectors are able to continue to fulfil their regular, indispensable verification activities, he said.

      Mr Grossi spoke of the dire situation at the plant, the site of which remains under the control of Russian troops. He again pointed out the pressure on Ukrainian staff working at the plant and informed the Board about the concern that some spare parts were not getting to the plant due to supply chain interruptions. This means now at least five of the seven indispensable pillars of nuclear safety and security have been compromised, he said referring to the pillars he enumerated at the IAEAs previous board meeting as essential to ensure safe and secure operations of any nuclear power plant.

      Ongoing collaboration with Ukraines authorities on the safety and security of all the countrys nuclear installations remains a key focus of the IAEAs work, Mr Grossi said. The IAEAs immediate on-the-ground assistance at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant and Exclusion Zone, is focused on radiation protection, the safety of radioactive waste management and strengthening nuclear security. For more details on assistance provided by the IAEA technical mission that travelled to Chornobyl last week, along with its safeguards activities, see this Update.

      Member States are also providing support, via the IAEA. Due to its mandate, experience and network, the IAEA is well-positioned to ensure Ukraine gets what it needs efficiently and quickly, he said. Countries and organisations wanting to assist Ukraines nuclear energy sector are already working with and through us.

      Safeguards and verification

      Mr Grossi informed the Board about ongoing discussions with Brazil regarding the use of nuclear material under safeguards in nuclear propulsion and in the operations of submarines and prototypes. I commend Brazil for its transparent approach and decision to work closely with the Agency on this important project, he said.

      He briefed the Board about the status of putting in place nuclear safeguards for Australias acquisition of nuclear-powered submarines from the United States and the United Kingdom, an initiative referred to as AUKUS. I would like to express my satisfaction with the engagement and transparency shown by the three countries thus far, he said.

      The IAEA has observed indications that the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK), often referred to as North Korea, may be preparing for a nuclear test. The conduct of a nuclear test would contravene UN Security Council resolutions and would be a cause for serious concern, Mr Grossi said. He also listed various indications of activity regarding the countrys nuclear programme at Yongybyon, Kangson and Pyongsan.

      I call upon the DPRK to comply fully with its obligations under relevant UN Security Council resolutions, to cooperate promptly with the Agency in the full and effective implementation of its NPT Safeguards Agreement and to resolve all outstanding issues, especially those that have arisen during the absence of Agency inspectors from the country, Mr Grossi said.

      He informed the Board of a letter he sent to Syrias authorities last month, asking the country to re-engage with the IAEA in relation to the implementation of the countrys safeguards agreement. I am convinced that such a renewed effort would be mutually beneficial. I hope this invitation is met with the approval of the Syrian government. It is time.

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