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    The new digital energy


    June 23, 2022 - CE Noticias Financieras

     

      (Expansion) - In the next decade humans will enter a new era of Digital Energy, where renewable energies such as wind, solar and hydro will replace fossil fuels as our main energy sources. Together we will drive this transformation and build smart energy systems with a low carbon footprint. The digital and energy sectors will merge at a very deep level, creating an energy revolution, facilitating a future where data will be used to manage the use of energy flow going forward.

      1) Digital technologies 2) Cloud energy operating system

      Several reports from the combined industries agree on certain predictions, such as: - Everything will be connected, everything will be electric, and everything will need to be green. - Renewables will account for more than 50% of all electricity generation worldwide. - More than 3,000 gigawatts (GW) of photovoltaic (PV) plants will be installed - More than 50% of vehicles sold will be electric. - Renewable energy will drive more than 80% of the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) energy infrastructure. The most rapid transformation of the energy industry will drive the development of four related technologies: 5G, cloud, Artificial Intelligence (AI), big data, the Internet of Things (IoT) and an era in which all things can connect and function intelligently. Advances in emerging technologies, particularly 5G, cloud, AI, Big data and IoT, are driving all sectors of society into a new digital age. This vision of ubiquitous connectivity and pervasive intelligence is already becoming a reality. The following new digital technologies are being adopted in the energy sector at an increasing pace and will soon be game changers: - Networks: Low power wide area networks (LPWANs) are rapidly gaining commercial popularity around the world. With wide coverage, low latency and massive connectivity, 5G is ideal for IoT applications and is permeating an increasing variety of scenarios that require intelligent on-demand connections between people, machines and things. - Information processing: information perception, knowledge representation and machine learning technologies are progressing by leaps and bounds, driving IoT's ability to intelligently process data to levels we have never seen before. - IoT virtual platforms, digital twins and operating systems: the widespread adoption of cloud computing and open source software is lowering the barriers to entry for those hoping to play a role in the energy sector. Cloud computing and open source software are also increasing the popularity of energy system operating systems and digital ecosystems. Bits will be used to manage watts; and power systems will transfer energy flows between each other without the constraints of time and distance.

      3) Power electronics technologies 4) Third-generation power semiconductor devices ICT energy infrastructure is going green

      Energy systems will be electricity-centric. Power electronic devices will be equipped with inclusive interfaces, respond fast and have high conversion efficiency. Equipped with high-voltage capabilities, high-frequency and high-temperature operation and a high-speed switch, they will be used to replace silicon-based components that tend to be more limited for this purpose. Within a decade there will be hundreds of billions of connections, the total amount of general computing will have increased by a factor of 10 and the total amount of AI computing will have increased by a factor of 500. ICT technologies will enable other industries to reduce their carbon emissions and an overall reduction in emissions of 20% is predicted. The construction of related infrastructure will increase; for example, the number of telecommunication sites will increase from 10 million to 55 million and the number of data center racks will increase from 4.2 million to 10 million. ICT will account for 4% of global energy consumption, up from less than 2% today. Building efficient, low-carbon data centers and communications networks will not only be an operational necessity for businesses, but also a civic duty. Editor's note: César Funes Vice President of Institutional Relations, Huawei Latin America. Follow him on LinkedIn . The opinions published in this column belong exclusively to the author. For more information on this and other topics, please visit the Opinion channel.

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