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    American and Japanese nuclear technologies not suitable for Kazakhstan


    June 29, 2022 - Interfax Kazakhstan General Newswire

     

      NUR-SULTAN. June 29 (Interfax-Kazakhstan) - Kazakhstan has excluded the US and Japan from the list of potential suppliers of technology for the nuclear power plant due to the fact their proposed reactors have never been built or operated anywhere in the world yet, the Kazakh Energy Ministry told Interfax-Kazakhstan.

      The Ministry has been considering nuclear technology from six global suppliers based on the proposals earlier submitted by NuScale Power from the U.S., GE-Hitachi of the U.S. and Japan, KGHP from Korea, CNNC from China, Rosatom from Russia and EDF from France.

      "Given the fact that the low-power reactors that were offered by NuScale Power and GE-Hitachi have never been built and operated anywhere in the world, we deem this technology promising only for future development of the nuclear energy," the Ministry said.

      For its first ever nuclear power plant, Kazakhstan is looking for a time-proven high-power reactors that have already been in use.

      The general director of Kazakhstan Nuclear Power Plants LLP, Timur Zhantikin, said earlier that the republic was considering four types of nuclear technology for its first nuclear power plant, and had already decided against the U.S. and Japan as potential suppliers of nuclear technology.

      "Of course, there is Rosatom, which is now building [reactors] more than anyone else, they not only have necessary technology that have been proven successful but also an entire construction process. We always look at the supply chain. There is France. China is now confidently entering the market. Korea, as you know, recently built and launched the first unit in the Emirates, and are now embarking on other projects in Europe and the USA," he said earlier.

      Kazakhstan is looking at nuclear technology from four global suppliers of nuclear reactors: KHNP (Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, South Korea) with its APR-1000 and APR-1400 reactors; CNNC (China) with its HPR-1000 and CNP-600+ reactors; Rosatom (Russia) and its reactors VVER-1200, VVER-1000; and EDF (Electricite de France) with ATMEA1 reactor.

      Kazakh Energy Minister Bolat Akchulakov said earlier that the decision on nuclear technology for construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) in Kazakhstan will be made in 2023.

      As reported earlier, Kazakhstan plans to build an NPP near the village of Ulken in the Almaty region.

      The possibility of building a nuclear power plant in Kazakhstan has been under discussion for many years. As the republic may face a shortage of electricity in the future, the government has returned to an NPP construction project. The NPP project is not very much welcomed by the population, but the authorities believe it's a necessary thing to do.

      The Kazakh Energy Ministry expects construction to take up to ten years, with the cost of one power unit's construction reaching $5 billion. Kazakhstan's energy balance forecast for the period up to 2035 proposes the launch of an NPP with an aggregate capacity of 2.4 GW among possible options.

      Russian President Vladimir Putin said earlier that Russia was ready to build an NPP for Kazakhstan. Putin then stressed that this offer was not limited to just constructing an NPP. "This is about the creation of a whole industry, which would include training of personnel at Russian higher-educational institutions in new professions associated with the use of nuclear power," he said.

      The Kazakh Energy Ministry and the Russian state atomic energy corporation Rosatom concluded a memorandum on cooperation in training personnel for the civilian nuclear energy industry in early 2022.

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