But renewable energy infrastructure comes with a cost — as development increases, birds, bats and other wildlife can be pushed out of their homes.
“I think non-conflict areas have already been taken for wind projects, so now that that low-hanging fruit is taken, you’re starting to get into higher conflict with natural areas and wildlife,” Nemecek said, “non-conflict” meaning land that conservationists weren’t concerned about.
In 2021, renewable energy made up almost 12% of Missouri’s electricity generated in-state. And this number may climb as the state continues to expand its wind projects.
Their goal: Protect the remaining natural spaces in Missouri from unintended consequences of renewable energy infrastructure.
The guidelines also address solar energy, as well as pipeline and transmission infrastructure.
What the guidelines say about protecting wildlife
The work group focused almost exclusively on birds and bats, as they can be greatly affected by wind turbines.
They recommend slowing down wind turbines during low-wind and peak bat migration times. This is known as “feathering,” and the turbine’s blades turn parallel to the wind to slow down its speed.
“Early studies show this may reduce bat mortality by up to 30%,” according to the work group’s guidelines.
Another recommendation is to place a 2½-mile buffer between wind energy development and critical animal habitats, because the foraging zone of the Indiana bat is that distance. The bat is common in Missouri and is classified as endangered, according to the Endangered Species Act of 1973.
“I really hope that (buffer) becomes part of the regulations that counties implement,” Nemecek said.
Wind farms should not be located around unique geological features, for biological and aesthetic reasons.
Towers and poles in grasslands should not include perches for avian predators.
Solar energy infrastructure should not be built on sensitive habitats, like original, unplowed prairie.
Clearing intact woodlands and prairie to make way for solar energy infrastructure should also be avoided.
Courtesy of Guidelines for Conservation Siting of Energy Infrastructure in Missouri
How these guidelines will affect renewable energy
Jennifer Campbell, the policy coordinator for the Missouri Department of Conservation and an adviser for the work group, said the guidelines were a missing piece in the state when it came to conservation.
While the Department of Conservation is not a regulatory agency, Campbell says it often shares helpful information with the energy industry.
“We see that our role is to share the information we have about ways to reduce wildlife impact, and that includes what wildlife exists in the area, and technology and operational tools they can use to reduce their impacts wherever they choose to operate,” Campbell said.
The guidelines will provide insight for the stakeholders involved in renewable energy, Carol Davit said. Davit, the executive director of the Missouri Prairie Foundation, played a large role in crafting these guidelines.
“These are voluntary guidelines and we definitely hope that they will help any kind of energy development to really consider the best placement of these energy facilities and infrastructure,” Davit said.
The guidelines are a way to encourage dialogue between energy companies, local officials and conservation groups, Davit said.
“We absolutely need clean energy,” Davit said. “But we want to make sure that our immediate energy needs are not compromising our future use and enjoyment of natural heritage and the habitats our wildlife depends on.”
The views expressed in content distributed by Newstex and its re-distributors (collectively, "Newstex Authoritative Content") are solely those of the respective author(s) and not necessarily the views of Newstex et al. It is provided as general information only on an "AS IS" basis, without warranties and conferring no rights, which should not be relied upon as professional advice. Newstex et al. make no claims, promises or guarantees regarding its accuracy or completeness, nor as to the quality of the opinions and commentary contained therein.