The Board of Governors of the IAEA, the UN nuclear agency, adopted today in Vienna a resolution criticizing the Russian military occupation of Ukraine's Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant and urging Russia to stop all military actions there.
The text, passed with a large majority of the Board's 35 members, asserts that Russia's military occupation "significantly increases the risk of a nuclear accident."
Only Russia and China voted against the resolution, while 26 countries voted in favor, and seven abstained, including India, Pakistan and Egypt.
All European Union (EU) countries on the Board, plus the United States, Canada, Argentina and Brazil, among other Western nations, voted in favor of the resolution.
This is the second resolution critical of Russia adopted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board since the start of the war in Ukraine last February.
The increased risk of a nuclear accident "endangers the populations of Ukraine, its neighboring countries and the international community," the resolution states.
The text expresses "grave concern that Russia has not complied with the Board's call to immediately cease all actions against and at nuclear facilities in Ukraine."
In addition, it "deplores the persistent violent actions against nuclear facilities in Ukraine, including the forcible control of nuclear facilities," referring to the Zaporizhzhia plant.
This plant, the largest in Europe, has been the target of numerous bombings in recent weeks.
Russia and Ukraine accuse each other of being responsible for these attacks, which have taken place near the plant's six reactors and other sensitive facilities.
The IAEA has had two inspectors stationed at the Zaporizhzhia plant, located in the Russian-occupied area of southeastern Ukraine, since early September.
The plant's six reactors, all connected to high-voltage power lines, are currently shut down in a cold state, reducing the likelihood of an accident.
IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi has been calling for weeks for a safety and security zone to be established around the plant to prevent an atomic accident.
Last Monday, Grossi said there are signs that the two warring parties are "interested" in establishing a buffer zone, which would require a regional cease-fire.