Although the Government and the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) assure that they are committed to the energy transition, coal-fired power generation increased 54.7 percent in one year.
From January to July 2021, generation from coal-fired power plants was 5,976 gigawatts/hour.
For the same period in 2022 it was 9,248 gigawatt-hours, according to data presented by Ricardo Mota Palomino, general director of the National Energy Control Center (Cenace) during the "Veracruz Energy Congress".
In Mexico, electricity is generated in three coal-fired power plants, two in Coahuila and one in Guerrero, which are owned by the CFE.
In contrast, the generation of electricity with renewable energies, such as solar and wind, decreased, although marginally, but this goes against the discourse on the energy transition that the current Administration claims to promote.
For the case of solar energy, generation during the first seven months of 2021 was 10 thousand 418 gigawatt-hours; while in the same period of this year it dropped to 10 thousand 100 gigawatt-hours, 3.05 percent less.
In the case of wind energy, 12,517 gigawatt-hours were generated from January to July 2021, but dropped to 12,504 gigawatt-hours for the same months of this year, a decrease of 0.10 percent.
In this regard, Carlos Flores, an expert on energy issues, said that the higher electricity demand should be the opportunity to raise the use of renewable energies.
"What should be done is to work on the substitution of the most polluting energies with renewables, but the President repeats over and over again that hydroelectric plants will be the solution for the transition when this is not the case," he said.
"They say that coal is going to be reduced, but in reality it has not been reduced, quite the contrary; they say that supposedly this coal and fuel oil generation will be replaced, supposedly by renewables and no, it is being replaced by new natural gas combined cycle projects. Although it is true that gas is cleaner than other technologies, it also pollutes".
At the same Congress, Carlos Morales Mar, Corporate Director of Administration, gave a presentation on the CFE and its role in energy sovereignty and transition, in which he showed a projection of the different technologies that make up the generation matrix and their percentage of integration by 2035.
The data showed that solar energy will drop its share from 7 percent in 2024 to 6 percent in 2035 and wind energy from 10 to 6 percent in the same period.
The energy transition considers a gradual use of clean or renewable energy and although the Mexican government assures in its discourse that it is promoting it, the data show a contrary tendency to use more fossil fuels.
Period from January to July of each year
(Figures in gigawatt-hours)
Total generation 188,006 196,051
Fuel used GWh % of total GWh % of total GWh % of total
Coal 5,976 3.2 9,248 4.7
Solar 10,418 5.5 10,100 5.2
Wind 12,517 6.7 12,504 6.4