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    The Spanish Wind Energy Association urges the government to raise the 2030 wind target by 26%.


    September 21, 2022 - CE Noticias Financieras

     

      The Spanish Wind Energy Association (AEE) has submitted to the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge the analysis it has prepared to calculate the additional amount of renewable energy that Spain has to contribute to the EU's revised common renewable energy target for 2030, which is currently between the 40% proposed by the Council (member countries) and the 45% approved by the European Parliament. According to AEE, this renewable and indigenous energy, in addition to being necessary to advance in decarbonization (the new common EU target is to reduce CO2 emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990), is "essential" to reduce the EU's energy dependence (mainly from Russia) and the high prices it has to pay for imported energy (mainly of fossil origin).

      Well, starting from the current target of 32% renewables for the whole EU and taking as a conservative target for 2030 to reach 40% renewables in final energy, and taking into account the increase in the energy efficiency target that will also be included in the review of the 2023 energy and climate package, AEE's analysis proposes increasing the target for renewables in final energy to 53% for Spain (from 42% of the current PNIEC) and reaching 82% of electricity from renewable sources (compared to the 74% currently established).

      Based on the analysis of the common EU targets for 2030, the total contribution of wind power in Spain would amount to 134 terawatt hours of electricity generated with 54,000 megawatts of power. An additional 9,500 megawatts are proposed to be dedicated to the production of renewable hydrogen (in line with the objectives of the "Renewable Hydrogen Roadmap"). The ESA considers hydrogen a "key energy vector" for the replacement of fossil fuels "in industrial, residential or logistic processes that cannot be electrified".

      In the general wind target, the Association considers both the repowering of existing wind farms and offshore wind as "great allies to meet the need for indigenous renewable energy by 2030".

      Repowering

      The Spanish Wind Energy Association considers the repowering of old facilities as "fundamental in order to make better use of wind resources thanks to the technological improvements of the last two decades". It also highlights the fact that "the repowering of wind farms reduces the impact on the territory that new renewable energy facilities would generate". In Spain by 2030 there will be 10,000 megawatts of wind power that are 25 years old and 5,000 that are 23 years old, "so the repowering of at least 15,000 MW will be beneficial from an energy and environmental point of view".

      As for offshore wind, the AEE is more conservative, and does not advocate urging the government to raise the target set out in the "Roadmap for the development of offshore wind and marine energy in Spain" published by the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge. The objective is 3,000 megawatts by 2030, in order to take advantage of all the potential offered by this technology in terms of industrial, naval and port development, job creation and economic entrepreneurship for Spain, 3 GW by 2030 is established as a development objective for offshore wind power.

      The Association also considers that the development of storage "is a fundamental element for the integration of the new renewable power for 2030 - as stated in the Energy Storage Strategy, which includes 6 GW for this technology - included in the current National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan".

      This is how AEE sees it

      "If the new wind and other renewable technology targets are met, in terms of the Spanish electricity mix for 2030, in total renewables would account for 285 terawatt hours (TWh) of generation, equivalent to 82% of total generation (compared to the 74% renewable electricity target in the current National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan), with wind contributing 134 TWh, 38% of the total."

      In order to achieve the renewables target for 2030 proposed by the AEE, it is necessary, according to the Association, to make "a firm national commitment to these technologies, which make it possible to take advantage of large renewable energy resources, with wind and photovoltaic being the technologies that can contribute the most energy thanks to the competitiveness of their costs, which are much lower than those of fossil fuels".

      In addition, in the case of wind power, the AEE agrees, there is "an important industrial base that allows all the components of the technology to be manufactured in our country, with the economic and employment benefits that this entails". In this sense, the sector's employers' association recalls that Spain is the second country in Europe in wind technology factories and also the second exporter of wind technology in Europe (in both cases behind Germany).

      The Spanish Wind Energy Association's speech

      "AEE considers it vitally important that the figures that the new Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan finally reflects for the whole of the mix come out of a model that, starting from the one used for the version currently in force, evolves it respecting a diverse renewable mix, avoiding extreme positions and considering the renewable energy vectors that have been the protagonists to date as the backbone, as well as taking into consideration the objectives established in the Roadmap for offshore wind and marine energy, the Green Hydrogen Roadmap, and the Energy Storage Strategy, in which clear targets are already set for 2030.

      Therefore, a balanced distribution of wind and PV technology has been taken into consideration in the calculations of the renewable power required to meet the extension of the European targets.

      Whatever new targets are finally approved for the revision of the PNIEC, it will be essential to focus on mechanisms for maximizing renewable production, optimizing the efficiency of grid use and providing a predictable "base" component in the electricity mix. Betting on a combination of technologies, including storage, as default schemes in new installations, will be essential to improve the manageability and integration of the large contingent of renewable energy in the electricity system."

      Beyond the objectives proposed (objectives that it considers achievable) and beyond the strengths of the sector, the Association has identified two challenges: it is necessary (1) that there is regulatory stability (including auctions of new power) that allows investments in the necessary new facilities, and (2) it is also necessary that the processing of projects is given in a timely manner (according to the Renewable Directive in a maximum of 2 years). "Without these two fundamental ingredients, the objectives for 2030 (old or new) cannot be achieved".

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