Friday, December 9 2022 Sign In   |    Register
 

News Quick Search


 

News


Front Page
Power News
Today's News
Yesterday's News
Week of Dec 05
Week of Nov 28
Week of Nov 21
Week of Nov 14
Week of Nov 07
By Topic
By News Partner
Gas News
News Customization
Feedback

 

Pro Plus(+)


Add on products to your professional subscription.
  • Energy Archive News
  •  



    Home > News > Power News > News Article

    Share by Email E-mail Printer Friendly Print

    Seven Ways AI Will Change Nuclear Science and Technology


    September 23, 2022 - ENP Newswire

     

      Over the past decade, artificial intelligence (AI) has evolved rapidly, becoming increasingly sophisticated and capable of solving ever more complex problems. AI is deployed in sectors as diverse as manufacturing, transportation, finance, education and healthcare. In a similar vein, it has the potential to advance the development of nuclear applications, science and technology. Harnessing its capabilities in the nuclear field can positively contribute to addressing some of today's most pressing challenges, from food security to climate change.

      Here are some ways in which AI has and will continue to benefit the peaceful applications of nuclear technology. These are discussed in more detail in a new IAEA publication, Artificial Intelligence for Accelerating Nuclear Applications, Science and Technology.

      AI can contribute to combating diseases. It is already applied to support the diagnosis and treatment of cancer through improved image interpretation and precise tumour contouring, enabling more accurate treatment plans and adaptive radiotherapy - a process tailored to the anatomical characteristics of the individual patient. The IAEA has recently launched a coordinated research project in this area.

      AI will also play an important role in the IAEA's Zoonotic Disease Integrated Action (ZODIAC) initiative to help experts better understand the impact of zoonotic diseases on human health and predict, assess and contain future outbreaks of such diseases.

      AI tools combined with nuclear technologies can help make food systems more sustainable and climate change resilient, while also addressing food and nutrition insecurity.

      Experts deploy AI to process and analyse data to increase crop yields, estimate soil moisture, remediate radioactively contaminated land, detect and predict food fraud events and improve irrigation.

      Isotopic methods allow experts to study and track how water moves through different stages of the hydrological cycle and what transformations occur in this cycle due to climate change. Experts already apply AI-based approaches to quickly analyse huge amounts of water-related isotopic data stored in global repositories, such as the Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation maintained by the IAEA and the World Meteorological Organization.

      Effective and efficient analysis of data facilitated with AI helps scientists understand climate change and its impact on water availability worldwide.

      Artificial intelligence plays an increasingly important role in nuclear science. AI are used in data analysis, theoretical modelling and experiment design, helping to accelerate fundamental research, for example in the realm of nuclear and atomic data evaluation and compilation, and advancing technological innovation.

      A particular area that benefits from the application of AI is fusion research. With its ability to solve large and complex problems, AI can aid experiments and scientific discovery through modelling and simulations. These applications of AI are included in a new five-year IAEA coordinated research project aimed at accelerating fusion research and development.

      Nuclear power is a reliable, low carbon source of energy, and it can benefit significantly from the inclusion of AI. By combining digital simulations of real nuclear facilities with AI systems, the industry can optimize complex procedures and improve reactor design, performance and safety. Such optimization can increase the efficiency of operations and reduce maintenance costs.

      Machine learning - a process whereby AI learns by analysing large amounts of data - helps to automate tasks and thereby increase reliability and avoid errors. Furthermore, AI has considerable analytical and predictive potential to help monitor power plant processes and detect anomalies.

      As more and more countries choose to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and adopt nuclear power programmes, the IAEA works continuously to ensure the protection of people and the environment from the potential harmful effects of ionizing radiation.

      AI can contribute to nuclear security and safety in several ways. It can be used in the processing of data from radiation detection systems to enhance the detection and identification of nuclear and other radioactive material. It can be applied to analyse data from physical protection systems to improve the detection of intruders. It can also help spot anomalies that could indicate a cyber-attack on a nuclear facility. Furthermore, in the realm of radiation protection, the integration of AI in safety standards-related software can reinforce the protection of the millions of workers with occupational exposure in medicine, construction, mining, shipping, agriculture and nuclear power.

      Safeguards are technical verification measures through which the IAEA provides credible assurances that countries are honouring their legal obligations to use nuclear material for peaceful purposes only. The IAEA assesses states' declared nuclear material and nuclear-related activities and seeks to verify the absence of undeclared ones through measures, such as inspections at nuclear facilities and sites.

      Safeguards rely on large amounts of data obtained by various means, such as satellite imagery, environmental sampling, gamma ray spectroscopy and video surveillance. AI can help nuclear inspectors and safeguard analysts with the analysis of these data. Machine learning methods have already been used to detect outliers in large datasets and assist in verifying spent fuel and analysing surveillance recordings. AI is expected to further improve the efficiency of safeguards implementation by reducing the number of repetitive tasks performed by inspectors.

      The way forward

      The IAEA provides interdisciplinary fora for professionals to discuss and foster collaboration on the use of AI in nuclear applications, science and technology and is committed to sharing knowledge and forging partnerships through its AI for Atoms platform. As part of this initiative, the IAEA cooperates with the International Telecommunication Union, the UN Interagency Working Group on AI and almost 40 other UN organizations to provide a solid foundation for accelerated sustainable development with AI.

      Contact:

      International Atomic Energy Agency

      Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100

      A-1400 Vienna, Austria

      Telephone: +43 (1) 2600-0

      Facsimile: +43 (1) 2600-7

    TOP

    Other Articles - International


    TOP

       Home  -  Feedback  -  Contact Us  -  Safe Sender  -  About Energy Central   
    Copyright © 1996-2022 by CyberTech, Inc. All rights reserved.
    Energy Central® and Energy Central Professional® are registered trademarks of CyberTech, Incorporated. Data and information is provided for informational purposes only, and is not intended for trading purposes. CyberTech does not warrant that the information or services of Energy Central will meet any specific requirements; nor will it be error free or uninterrupted; nor shall CyberTech be liable for any indirect, incidental or consequential damages (including lost data, information or profits) sustained or incurred in connection with the use of, operation of, or inability to use Energy Central. Other terms of use may apply. Membership information is confidential and subject to our privacy agreement.