Iberdrola will compete in the coming months in France in three auctions for new offshore wind power generation with a total capacity of 1,650 MW. The group headed by Ignacio Galán will bid for a 1,000 MW license to install an offshore complex off the coast of Normandy. Also in French Brittany, in this case in the south of the region, the Spanish multinational will bid for another 250 MW. Finally, the electricity company will bid for two floating wind farms in Mediterranean waters under French jurisdiction. Each of them will have a capacity of 200 MW.
Iberdrola will submit its proposal for the Normandy project on November 10, and in 2023 it will compete for the award of the other two renewable complexes.
France wants to have 40,000 MW of offshore wind capacity by 2050. Emmanuelle Macron' s government is betting on renewables while continuing to increase its nuclear generation. Currently, France has no offshore complexes and only two are under construction. One of them belongs to Iberdrola. Called Ailes Marines, it is located in the Brittany area, specifically off the Bay of Saint-Brieuc. Rafael Vara is the director of a project that will involve an investment of 2.4 billion and will validate Iberdrola's technological and operational capacity with a view to the aforementioned auctions in this field to be called by the Paris Government.
The start-up of Ailes Marines is scheduled for the end of next year. It is a 25-year concession at a generation price of 155 euros per MW, after Paris adjusted the tariff agreed in the tender. But this remuneration is well above the concessions currently being made.
With 62 Siemens Gamesa turbines of 8 MW of unit power, its capacity will be 496 MW and will cover the annual energy demand of 835,000 citizens of Brittany (8% of the total population of this region). Ailes Marines will occupy an offshore area of 75 kilometers and will be Iberdrola's fourth offshore wind farm in operation. The previous three wind farms have a total capacity of 1,259 MW and are located in the waters of the United Kingdom and Germany.
Navantia and Windar
Several Spanish companies are participating in the Aires Marines project. Navantia and Windar have teamed up to supply the foundations and platforms that will support the 62 turbines. Navantia has built the jackets at its shipyard in Fene (Galicia) and Windar has built the foundations, already fixed to the seabed, in Avilés (Asturias). For the assembly tasks they had their factory in the French town of Brest. Haizea Wind will also leave its stamp on the offshore complex, supplying the towers from its plant in the Port of Bilbao for final assembly on the docks of Brest.
For its part, the Basque shipyard Balenciaga has built the vessel Edda Wind at its slipways in Zumaia (Gipuzkoa) for the transfer of maintenance technicians to the park, which is 16 kilometers from the coast. The Ailes Marines project has generated 1,500 jobs in France, one of the claims of the French administration to award the license.
Iberdrola has four offshore complexes under construction, including Saint-Brieuc, with a total generation of 3 GW. In addition, its project portfolio totals 40 GW, of which 4 GW have already been secured.