The offshore wind energy sector urges the Government of Pedro Sánchez to speed up the procedures that will allow to reach 2030 with a generation of 3 GW off shore based on floating turbines in Spanish waters. To achieve this goal, the Spanish Wind Energy Association (AEE) expects that by the end of this year the regulatory framework will be defined to define the offshore areas that can host wind turbines and the connection points to evacuate the energy generated by the turbines to land.
Juan Diego Díaz, president of AEE, has admitted his concern about the deadlines, since the implementation of an offshore complex takes about seven years from the awarding of the operation. That is why it is necessary that the first auctions are called in 2023, as the deadline year to avoid delays in the implementation of a renewable production that Spain lacks.
These tenders should clarify the remuneration prices and the years of operation to guarantee stable income. As well as the onshore connection allocations so that the electricity reaches consumers. As specified by Juan Virgilio Márquez, CEO of AEE, concessions are for 20 years in this sector.
This Tuesday, the offshore wind industry is starting an international congress that welcomes half a thousand specialists from all over the world. The event, which takes place at the BEC site in Barakaldo (Bizkaia), opens its doors this afternoon with the presence at the opening ceremony of Sara Aagesen, Secretary of State for Energy of the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge. The sector is sure to transmit again, this Tuesday in a more direct way, its battery of requests to Aagesen.
Offshore wind power in Spain has aroused expectations in the business world. The groups are already studying areas in Galicia, the Canary Islands, the north of Girona, Andalusia and the Basque Country, among other coastal communities. The archipelago is the focus of most of the plans, since offshore wind power would lead to savings in energy generation, which is five times more expensive on the islands than on the mainland.
The development of offshore in Spain would allow the creation of between 7,500 and 17,000 jobs, also in economically disadvantaged areas. Its contribution to GDP would be between 9,500 million and 10,500 million per five years, according to AEE's calculations. It would also boost the construction of new generation ships in the national shipyards and strengthen a components industry that until now has lived off exports and has a high technological level. Ports would also gain activity due to the logistics involved in the operation of offshore wind farms. These benefits would be extended to engineering and steel companies, the latter as suppliers of steel to build the turbines.
The Basque Government's EVE company has a line of financing of 2.5 million to support offshore wind business initiatives, according to Iñigo Ansola, the company's general manager. The Basque Country will soon host the first tests of a 2 MW scale turbine developed by the Biscayan engineering company Saitec and the German corporation RWE in its offshore Bimep test area, according to José Ignacio Hormaechea, general manager of the Basque energy cluster.
Other countries are already taking advantage of the natural resources of their waters. In 2021, offshore complexes with a global capacity of 21.2 GW were installed. On the coasts of China, the United Kingdom, Denmark and Vietnam, among others.
During the congress at BEC, the organizers will present the First Offshore Wind Award to the IH Cantabria Institute for its research in this field.