KYIV. Oct 6 (Interfax-Ukraine) - Natural gas supplies to Ukraine from the EU in January-September 2021 decreased by 83.9% (by 12.4 billion cubic meters) compared to the same period in 2020, to 2.4 billion cubic meters, the press service of Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU) has reported.
According to its data, in January they amounted to 439 million cubic meters, in February - 29 million cubic meters, in March - 8 million cubic meters, in April - 77 million cubic meters, in May - 8 million cubic meters, in June - 90 million cubic meters, in July - 498 million cubic meters, in August - 567 million cubic meters, in September - 665 million cubic meters.
In September 2021, the share of imports to Ukraine from Hungary amounted to 90.7% (603 million cubic meters) - all by backhaul. At the same time, the stop of physical transit to Hungary through Ukraine from October 1 is forcing service customers to reorient themselves to other import directions - from Poland and Slovakia.
Export and re-export of gas from Ukraine in the first nine months of 2021 amounted to 1.149 billion cubic meters. In September it amounted to 264 million cubic meters.
"In September, the activity of market participants increased significantly on the eve of the heating season - gas imports to Ukraine increased, the reverse flow of gas from Ukrainian storage facilities to European consumers grew. This natural process became more complicated in October, when the physical transit of gas to Hungary, the main gas exporter to Ukraine in 2021, stopped. The instability of supplies, which arose due to the decision of Russia to redirect gas flows, may increase due to the risk of launching the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. The transparency and barrier-freeness that European and Ukrainian gas suppliers are accustomed to can be lost due to the desire of one player to create bottlenecks for price manipulation," director general of GTSOU Serhiy Makogon said.