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Fossil sources to overtake renewables in EU electricity production by 2021


CE Noticias Financieras  

 

    Total electricity supply in the European Union increased by 4.2% in 2021 compared to the previous year, according to data revealed this Thursday by Eurostat, which show a return to fossil fuels as the main source of electricity generation, but still below 2019 levels.

    By 2020, renewables had managed to overtake fossil fuels, but the situation reversed with the post-Covid economic recovery and the war in Ukraine.

    In this scenario, electricity generation from some solid fossil fuels increased substantially in 2021: 13.7% in 2021 compared to 2020. The largest increases were in bituminous coal, or hard coal, (up 25.6%) and lignite (up 16.2%). However, if the comparison is against pre-pandemic levels (2019), there is an 8% drop in these fuels. "This development is expected, given the EU's decarbonization goals," says Eurostat.

    Read Also Read Coal use skyrockets with war. Portugal doesn't go along Already nuclear power has increased by 7% in 2021,

    In renewable energy, the 2021 data show the biggest increases in electricity produced from solar power (up 13%), followed by solid biofuels (up 9.6%). On the other hand, says Eurostat, due to unfavorable weather conditions, hydro and wind electricity generation decreased by 1.2% and 3.0%, respectively.

    At the level of the largest contributors to the EU electricity generation system in 2021 were: nuclear with 731 TWh, natural gas (with 550 TWh), wind (386 TWh), hydro (with 370 TWh), lignite (with 227 TWh), other bituminous coal (with 193 TWh) and solar (163 TWh).

    Read Also Read Brussels wants EU with 45% renewables by 2030 and more solar and hydrogen As for consumption of petroleum products, after a massive 12.4% drop, for 2021 the estimates show a 5% year-on-year increase, but still below pre-pandemic levels. Compared to 2019, the 2021 data show petroleum product consumption of minus 8.1% lower.

    Despite natural gas prices skyrocketing to historic highs, mainly in the second half of 2021, the consumption recorded was the highest in the last ten years in the EU, reaching 15.8 million terajoules (TJ), indicating a 3.9% increase compared to 2020.

    Net imports of natural gas accounted for 86.4% of EU domestic consumption in 2021, showing a 4% increase compared to 2020. year. Read also EDP's electricity production fell 5% in 2021

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