MIL OSI translation. Region: Germany/Germany –
Source: Switzerland – Federal Administration in German
Federal Electricity Commission
Bern, September 6th, 2022 – For the year 2023, the Swiss electricity prices for the basic supply for households will rise, in some cases sharply. This is the result of calculations by the Federal Electricity Commission ElCom. A typical household will pay 26.95 cents per kilowatt hour (cents/kWh, all median values) in the coming year. This corresponds to an increase of 5.77 Rp./kWh (27%). Locally, however, the differences can be much higher.
As of August 31, 2022, the approximately 630 Swiss network operators had to announce their electricity tariffs for the next year both to their customers and to ElCom. The tariffs are made up of the grid usage tariffs, the energy tariffs, the levies to the community and the grid surcharge. According to the calculations of the median values by ElCom, the situation for 2023 is as follows:
A typical household with a consumption of 4,500 kWh (consumption profile H4) will pay 27 cents per kilowatt hour (Rp./kWh) in the coming year, i.e. 5.8 Rp./kWh more than in 2022. Calculated over a year, this corresponds to an electricity bill of 1,215 francs (261 francs). Network costs increase slightly; for a typical household by 7 percent from 9.9 Rp./kWh to 10.5 Rp./kWh. The energy tariffs for households increase from 7.9 cents/kWh to 13.1 cents/kWh (64%). The taxes and services to the community increase from 0.9 Rp./kWh to 1.0 Rp./kWh (11%). The network surcharge remains at 2.3 Rp./kWh.
A similar picture emerges for small and medium-sized companies in Switzerland: The network costs, the network surcharge and the energy prices as well as the levies are also increasing here. This means that the total price increases by a median of 24%.
However, the prices vary considerably between network operators within Switzerland, which is mainly due to major differences in energy procurement (share of in-house production, procurement strategy).
Reasons for the tariff increases: Strongly increasing wholesale prices
A sharp rise in prices has been observed on the wholesale market throughout Europe since mid-2021. The reasons for this are the high gas prices, which rose extraordinarily sharply in the course of the war in Ukraine. The sharp rise in coal prices, the high CO2 prices and the below-average production capacity of French nuclear power plants also had a price-driving effect.
Since the Swiss electricity market is closely linked to the European one, price increases also affect Switzerland: Many electricity supply companies buy a large part of their electricity on the wholesale market. Due to the increased market prices, they now have higher energy procurement costs, which they then pass on to customers in the basic service, ie private households, in the form of higher tariffs.
In addition to the energy tariff, the network costs also increase slightly, since these also contain components that depend on the electricity price (active losses, system services). The transmission system operator Swissgrid provides the so-called system services (SDL) for the short-term stability of the system. Swissgrid charges the costs for SDL to the Swiss grid operators, who in turn bill their end consumers. Swissgrid has to procure the ancillary services in a market-oriented, non-discriminatory and transparent process. Due to their relation to energy, the tariffs for ancillary services are exposed to price developments on the international electricity markets. The increased AS prices are therefore a direct consequence of the current situation on the electricity markets.
Tariff publication by ElCom
The 2023 tariffs of the individual municipalities and distribution system operators can now be accessed and compared on ElCom's electricity price website at www.strompreis.elcom.admin.ch. In addition, FAQs with further information about the tariff increases are posted on the website.
The data in the electricity price overview comes directly from the network operators and is published immediately by ElCom. The network operators are responsible for the quality of the data. Around two percent of the network operators did not submit the data on time. It is therefore currently not possible to call up any tariffs for these network areas. Due to the small size of these areas, no significant change in the available results is to be expected.
The four components of the electricity price
1. Grid usage tariffPrice for transporting electricity via the grid from the power plant to the house. It is determined by the costs for the network, ie for construction, maintenance and operation.
2. Energy tariffPrice for the electrical energy supplied. The grid operator either generates this energy with its own power plants or buys it from suppliers.
3. Fees to the communityMunicipal and cantonal fees and charges. This includes e.g. B. Concession fees or local energy taxes.
4. Federal network surcharge for the promotion of renewable energies, support for large-scale hydropower and for ecological rehabilitation of hydropower. The amount of the levy is set annually by the Federal Council and in 2023, as in the previous year, will be at the statutory maximum of 2.3 Rp./kWh.
Address for queries
Antonia Adam, Media and CommunicationsFederal Electricity Commission ElComChristoffelgasse 53003 BernTel. 41 58 466 89 email@example.com
Federal Electricity Commissionhttp://www.elcom.admin.ch
EDITOR'S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.
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